The research into the benefit and safety of Pilates for rehabilitation of back injuries is at a stage which is more exploratory than definitive.
Several studies point out the benefits of Pilates, although because of design imperfections and lack of large groups, large studies with better design are needed to set results in stone.
List of some Pilates Research Studies:
Anderson B, Spector A. Introduction to Pilatesbased rehabilitation. Orthop Phys Ther Clin N Am. 2000;9:395-410.
Blum CL. Chiropractic and pilates therapy forthe treatment of adult scoliosis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2002;25:E3.
Bryan M, Hawson S. The benefits of Pilates exercise in orthopaedic rehabilitation. Tech Orthop.
Curnow D, Cobbin D, Wyndham J, Boris Choy ST. Altered motor control, posture and the Pilates method of exercise prescription. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2009;13:104-111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2008.06.013
da Fonseca JL, Magini M, de Freitas TH. Laboratory gait analysis in patients with low back pain before and after a pilates intervention. J Sport Rehabil. 2009;18:269-282.
da Silva A, Mannrich G. Pilates on rehabilitation: a systematic review [Portuguese]. Phys Ther Movement. 2009;22:449-455.
Dolan A, Hutchinson M, Fraser R. The Pilates based exercise programme in the management of low back pain [abstract]. J Bone Joint Surg.2001;83B.
Donzelli S, Di Domenica E, Cova AM, Galletti R, Giunta N. Two different techniques in the rehabilitation treatment of low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Eura Medicophys. 2006;42:205-210.
Ekici G, Bingul O, Yakut E. Effects of pilatesbased exercises on tranversus abdominus in females
with non-specific chronic low back pain: a pilot study [Turkish]. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon. 2008;19:201.
Ekici G, Bingul O, Yakut E. Is there any effect of Pilates exercises on emotional status of patients with chronic low back pain? [Turkish]. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon. 2008;19:202.
Gagnon L. Efficacy of Pilates Exercises as Therapeutic Intervention in Treating Patients With Low
Back Pain [thesis]. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee; 2005.
Gladwell V, Head S, Haggar M, Beneke R. Does a program of Pilates improve chronic non-specifc low iback pain? J Sport Rehabil. 2006;15:338-350.
Hancock MJ, Maher CG, Latimer J, et al. Systematic review of tests to identify the disc, SIJ
or facet joint as the source of low back pain. Eur Spine J. 2007;16:1539-1550. http://dx.doi. org/10.1007/s00586-007-0391-1
Hawson S, Klein M, Miller A. Efficacy of Pilates exercises in the treatment of chronic low back pain [abstract]. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther.
Herrington L, Davies R. The influence of Pilates training on the ability to contract the transverses abdominis muscle in asymptomatic individuals. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2005;9:52-57.
La Touche R, Escalante K, Linares M. Treating non-specific chronic low back pain through the Pilates Method. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2008;12:364-370.
Lange C, Unnithan V, Larkam E, Latta P. Maximizing the benefits of Pilates-inspired exercise for learning functional motor skills. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2000;4:99-108.
Lim E, Chen Y, Lim W, Quek J. A Retrospective Evaluation of Isotonic Strengthening with Clinical Pilates Exercises on Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain. Physiother Singapore. 2008;11:5-12.
O’Brien N, Hanlon M, Meldrum D. Randomised, controlled trial comparing physiotherapy and Pilates in the treatment of ordinary low back pain. Phys Ther Rev. 2006;11:224-225.
Quinn J. Influence of Pilates-Based Mat Exercise on Chronic Lower Back Pain [thesis]. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University; 2005.
Rydeard R, Leger A, Smith D. Pilates-based therapeutic exercise: effect on subjects with nonspecific chronic low back pain and functional disability: a randomized controlled trial.J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006;36:472-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2006.2144
Schroeder J, Crussemeyer J, Newton S. Flexibility and heart rate response to an acute Pilates reformer session [abstract]. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002;34:S258.
Segal NA, Hein J, Basford JR. The effects of Pilates training on flexibility and body composition: an observational study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004;85:1977-1981.
Smith K, Smith B. Integrating Pilates-based core strengthening into older adult fitness programs implications for practice. Top Geriatr Rehabil. 2005;21:57-68.
Sorosky S, Stilp S, Akuthota V. Yoga and pilates in the management of low back pain. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2008;1:39-47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12178-007-9004-1